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Unsteady 3D-Numerical Investigation of the Influence of the Blading Design on the Stator-Rotor Interaction in a 2-Stage Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
Dieter E. Bohn, Jing Ren, Christian Tümmers

Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Michael Sell

ALSTOM Power, Baden, Switzerland

Paper No. GT2005-68115, pp. 1285-1294; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2005-68115
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Turbo Expo 2005, Parts A and B
  • Reno, Nevada, USA, June 6–9, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4730-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3754-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

An important goal in the development of turbine bladings is improving their efficiency to achieve an optimized usage of energy resources. This requires a detailed insight into the complex 3D-flow phenomena in multi-stage turbines. In order to investigate the flow characteristics of modern highly loaded turbine profiles, a test rig with a two-stage axial turbine has been set up at the Institute of Steam and Gas Turbines, Aachen University. The test rig is especially designed to investigate different blading designs. In order to analyze the influence of the blade design on the unsteady blade row interaction, the 3D flow through the two-stage turbine is simulated numerically, using an unsteady Navier-Stokes computer code. The investigations include a comparison of two bladings with different design criteria. The reference blading is a commonly used cylindrical designed blading. This blade design will be compared with a bow-blading, which is designed to minimize the secondary flow phenomena near the endwall in order to achieve a balanced mass flow through nearly the whole passage height. The investigations will focus on the different loss behavior of the two bladings. Unsteady profile pressure distributions and radial efficiencies of the two blade designs will be discussed in detail. The flow conditions are taken from experimental investigations performed at the Institute of Steam and Gas Turbines. On the basis of the experiments a validation of the code will be performed by comparing the numerical results to the corresponding experimental data at the inlet and the outlet of the blading.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Topics: Design , Rotors , Turbines , Stators

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