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Improving Aerodynamic Matching of Axial Compressor Blading Using a 3D Multistage Inverse Design Method

[+] Author Affiliations
M. P. C. van Rooij, T. Q. Dang

Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY

L. M. Larosiliere

NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH

Paper No. GT2005-68271, pp. 1019-1032; 14 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2005-68271
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Turbo Expo 2005, Parts A and B
  • Reno, Nevada, USA, June 6–9, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4730-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3754-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

Current turbomachinery design systems increasingly rely on multistage CFD as a means to diagnose designs and assess performance potential. However, design weaknesses attributed to improper stage matching are addressed using often ineffective strategies involving a costly iterative loop between blading modification, revision of design intent, and further evaluation of aerodynamic performance. A scheme is proposed herein which greatly simplifies the design point blade row matching process. It is based on a three-dimensional viscous inverse method that has been extended to allow blading analysis and design in a multi-blade row environment. For computational expediency, blade row coupling is achieved through an averaging-plane approximation. The proposed method allows improvement of design point blade row matching by direct regulation of the circulation capacity of the blading within a multistage environment. During the design calculation, blade shapes are adjusted to account for inflow and outflow conditions while producing a prescribed pressure loading. Thus, it is computationally ensured that the intended pressure-loading distribution is consistent with the derived blading geometry operating in a multi-blade row environment that accounts for certain blade row interactions. The viability of the method is explored in design exercises on a 2.5-stage, highly loaded compressor.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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