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Experimental and Numerical Investigations on a High Pressure Ratio Centrifugal Compressor

[+] Author Affiliations
Jae Ho Choi, Ok Suck Sung, Seung-Bae Chen

Samsung Techwin, Changwon City, Kyungnam, Korea

Jin Shik Lim

Agency for Defense Development, Daejeon, Korea

Paper No. GT2005-68679, pp. 851-857; 7 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Turbo Expo 2005, Parts A and B
  • Reno, Nevada, USA, June 6–9, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4730-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3754-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


An aerodynamic design, flow analysis and performance test of a pressure ratio 4:1 centrifugal compressor are presented in this paper. The compressor is made up of a centrifugal impeller, a two-stage diffuser consisted of radial and axial types. The impeller has a 45 degree backswept angle and the design running tip clearance is 5% of impeller exit height. Two types of diffusers are designed for this compressor. Three-dimensional numerical analysis is performed to analyze the flows in the impeller, diffuser and deswirler considering the impeller tip clearance. A test module and rig facilities for the compressor stage performance test are designed and fabricated. The overall compressor stage performances as well as the static pressure fields on the impeller and diffuser are measured. Two diffusers of wedge and airfoil types are tested with an impeller. The calculation and test results show the airfoil diffuser has the better aerodynamic characteristics than those of wedge diffuser in the studied models.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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