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Effect of Length on the Instability of Hanging Pipes

[+] Author Affiliations
Olivier Doaré, Emmanuel de Langre

CNRS-École Polytechnique, Palaiseau Cedex, France

Paper No. IMECE2002-39018, pp. 1223-1232; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2002-39018
From:
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • 5th International Symposium on Fluid Structure Interaction, Aeroelasticity, and Flow Induced Vibration and Noise
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3659-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

The flutter instability of a hanging fluid-conveying pipe is investigated, as its length is increased. Experiments show that there exists a critical length above which the flow velocity necessary to cause flutter becomes independent of the pipe length. The fluid-structure interaction is thus modelled by following the work of Bourrières and of Païdoussis. Computations using a standard Galerkin method confirm this evolution. A short pipe model is then considered, where gravity plays a negligible role. Transition between this short length model and the asymptotic situation is found to occur where a local stability criterion is satisfied at the upstream end of the pipe. For longer pipes, a model is proposed where the zone of stable waves is totally disregarded. Comparison of these models with experiments and computations show a good agreement over all ranges of mass ratios between the flowing fluid and the pipe.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Pipes

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