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Separation and Transition Control on an Aft-Loaded Ultra-High-Lift LP Turbine Blade at Low Reynolds Numbers: High-Speed Validation

[+] Author Affiliations
Maria Vera, Xue Feng Zhang, Howard Hodson

University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

Neil Harvey

Rolls-Royce plc, Derby, UK

Paper No. GT2005-68893, pp. 725-734; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2005-68893
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Turbo Expo 2005, Parts A and B
  • Reno, Nevada, USA, June 6–9, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4730-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3754-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents the second part of an investigation of the combined effects of unsteadiness and surface roughness on an aft-loaded ultra high lift low pressure turbine (LPT) profile at low Reynolds numbers. The investigation has been performed using low-speed and high-speed cascade facilities. The low speed and the high speed profiles have been designed to have the same normalized isentropic Mach number distribution. The low speed results have been presented in Part 1 of this paper. The current paper examines the effect of different surface finishes on an aft-loaded ultra-high-lift LPT profile at Mach and Reynolds numbers representative of LPT engine conditions. The surface roughness values are presented along with the profile losses under steady and unsteady inflow conditions. The results show that the use of a rough surface finish might reduce the profile loss. In addition, the results show that the same quantitative values of losses are obtained at high and low speed flow conditions. The latter proves the validity of the low speed approach for ultra high lift profiles for the case of an exit Mach number of the order of 0.64. Hot wire measurements were carried out to explain the effect of the surface finish on the wake induced transition mechanism.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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