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An Empirical Prediction Method for Secondary Losses in Turbines: Part I — A New Loss Breakdown Scheme and Penetration Depth Correlation

[+] Author Affiliations
M. W. Benner

National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

S. A. Sjolander

Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

S. H. Moustapha

Pratt & Whitney Canada, Inc., Longueuil, Quebec, Canada

Paper No. GT2005-68637, pp. 625-635; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Turbo Expo 2005, Parts A and B
  • Reno, Nevada, USA, June 6–9, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4730-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3754-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Despite its wide use in meanline analyses, the conventional loss breakdown scheme is based on a number of assumptions that are known to be physically unsatisfactory. One of these assumptions states that the loss generated in the airfoil surface boundary layers is uniform across the span. The loss results at high positive incidence presented in a previous paper (Benner et al. [1]) indicate that this assumption causes the conventional scheme to produce erroneous values of the secondary loss component. A new empirical prediction method for secondary losses in turbines has been developed, and it is based on a new loss breakdown scheme. In the first part of this two-part paper, the new loss breakdown scheme is presented. Using data from the current authors’ off-design cascade loss measurements (Benner et al. [1]), it is shown that the secondary losses obtained with the new scheme produce a trend with incidence that is physically more reasonable. Unlike the conventional loss breakdown scheme, the new scheme requires a correlation for the spanwise penetration depth of the passage vortex separation line at the trailing edge. One such correlation exists (Sharma and Butler [2]); however, it was based on a small database. An improved correlation for penetration distance has been developed from a considerably larger database, and it is detailed in this paper.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Topics: Turbines



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