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PIV Maps of Tip Leakage and Secondary Flow Fields on a Low Speed Turbine Blade Cascade With Moving Endwall

[+] Author Affiliations
P. Palafox, M. L. G. Oldfield, T. V. Jones

University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

J. E. LaGraff

Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY

Paper No. GT2005-68189, pp. 465-476; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2005-68189
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Turbo Expo 2005, Parts A and B
  • Reno, Nevada, USA, June 6–9, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4730-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3754-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

New, detailed flow field measurements are presented for a very large low-speed cascade representative of a high-pressure turbine rotor blade with turning of 110 degrees and blade chord of 1.0 m. Data was obtained for tip leakage and passage secondary flow at a Reynolds number of 4.0 × 105 , based on exit velocity and blade axial chord. Tip clearance levels ranged from 0% to 1.68% of blade span (0% to 3% of blade chord). Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) was used to obtain flow field maps of several planes parallel to the tip surface within the tip gap, and adjacent passage flow. Vector maps were also obtained for planes normal to the tip surface in the direction of the tip leakage flow. Secondary flow was measured at planes normal to the blade exit angle at locations upstream and downstream of the trailing edge. The interaction between the tip leakage vortex and passage vortex is clearly defined, revealing the dominant effect of the tip leakage flow on the tip endwall secondary flow. The relative motion between the casing and the blade tip was simulated using a motor-driven moving belt system. A reduction in the magnitude of the under-tip flow near the endwall due to the moving wall is observed and the effect on the tip leakage vortex examined.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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