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Unsteady Interaction of Labyrinth Seal Leakage Flow and Downstream Stator Flow in a Shrouded 1.5 Stage Axial Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
P. Peters

Atlas Copco Energas GmbH, Cologne, Germany

J. R. Menter, H. Pfost

Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany

A. Giboni

Siemens PG Industrial Applications, Duisburg, Germany

K. Wolter

Uhde GmbH, Dortmund, Germany

Paper No. GT2005-68065, pp. 403-413; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Turbo Expo 2005, Parts A and B
  • Reno, Nevada, USA, June 6–9, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4730-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3754-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


This paper presents the results of experimental and numerical investigations into the flow in a 1.5-stage low-speed axial turbine with shrouded rotor blades and a straight through labyrinth seal. The paper focuses on the time dependent influence of the leakage flow on the downstream stator flow field. The experimental program consists of time accurate measurements of the three-dimensional properties of the flow through ten different measurement planes in the stator passage. The measurements were carried out using pneumatic five-hole probes and three dimensional hot-wire probes at the design operating point of the turbine. The measurement planes extend from the shroud to the casing. The complex three-dimensional flow field is mapped in great detail by 4,800 measurement points and 20 time steps per blade passing period. The time-accurate experimental data of the ten measurement planes was compared with the results of unsteady, numerical simulations of the turbine flow. The 3D-Navier-Stokes Solver CFX-TASCflow was used. The experimental and numerical results correspond well and allow detailed analysis of the flow phenomena. Additionally numerical data behind the rotor is used to connect the entry of the leakage flow with the flow phenomena in the downstream stator passage and behind it. The leakage flow causes strong fluctuations of the flow in the downstream stator. Above all, the high number of measurement points reveals both the secondary flow phenomena and the vortex structures within the blade passage. The time-dependence of both the position and the intensity of the vortices influenced by the leakage flow is shown. The paper shows that even at realistic clearance heights the leakage flow influences considerable parts of the downstream stator and gives rise to negative incidence and flow separation. Thus, labyrinth seal leakage flow should be taken properly into account in the design or optimization process of turbines.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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