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Excitation by Flow Over an Obstructed Opening

[+] Author Affiliations
Paul J. Zoccola, Jr.

Naval Surface Warfare Center, West Bethesda, MD

Paper No. IMECE2002-33374, pp. 899-906; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2002-33374
From:
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • 5th International Symposium on Fluid Structure Interaction, Aeroelasticity, and Flow Induced Vibration and Noise
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3659-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

The effect on flow-induced cavity resonance of the presence of an obstruction, or a grid made up of regularly spaced obstructions, in the cavity opening is considered. The presence of a single obstruction or of a grid generally alters the flow so that the excitation occurs on the smaller length scale created by the obstruction. However, discussion of resonant excitation on the length scale encompassing the obstructions has not been found in the literature. For this study, measurements of cavity pressure due to flow over a cavity with obstructions or grids of varying dimensions in the opening were made. Measurements of the flow field around a single obstruction were also made. The cavity pressure measurements show that flow over an opening with a grid does result in the occurrence of classical resonant excitation at the large length scale. The frequency of the excitation and the amplitude of the response at the large length scale are reduced, depending on the dimensions of the obstruction. Flow field results show the effects that an obstruction has on the flow, including effects on the vortex convection velocity and the energy production distribution.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Flow (Dynamics)

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