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Flow Excited Resonance of a Confined Shallow Cavity in Low Mach Number Flow and Its Control

[+] Author Affiliations
S. Ziada, C. Blake

McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

H. Ng

AECL, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada

Paper No. IMECE2002-33373, pp. 889-898; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2002-33373
From:
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • 5th International Symposium on Fluid Structure Interaction, Aeroelasticity, and Flow Induced Vibration and Noise
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3659-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

Shallow cavities exposed to unbounded, low Mach number flow are generally weak aeroacoustic sources because their acoustic modes are heavily damped. This paper focuses on a cavity mounted on the wall of a duct to investigate the effect of “confinement”, i.e. solid boundaries close to the cavity, on the aeroacoustic response of shallow cavities in low Mach number flow (M < 0.3). It is found that the transverse acoustic modes of the duct-cavity combination are excited by the higher order modes of the cavity shear layer oscillations. The nature of the excitation mechanism as well as the effects of the cavity and duct dimensions are investigated by means of measurements of the amplitude and phase distributions of the acoustic pressure, complemented with flow visualization of the cavity shear layer oscillation. A method to predict the onset of resonance is also suggested. It is also shown that the acoustic resonance is effectively suppressed by a feedback control method, which generates a synthetic jet acting at the cavity upstream corner. The effect of the phase and gain of the controller transfer function is studied in some detail.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

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