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Flow-Acoustic Interactions in T-Junctions

[+] Author Affiliations
A. Scott

Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

S. Ziada

McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Paper No. IMECE2002-33365, pp. 851-859; 9 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • 5th International Symposium on Fluid Structure Interaction, Aeroelasticity, and Flow Induced Vibration and Noise
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3659-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


The flow-acoustic nature of sharp-edged T-junctions is investigated experimentally. Tests are performed for a Reynolds number range of 54,000 < ReD < 470,000. Four test cases are studied corresponding to: (a) T-junction with flow from the two branches; (b) T-junction with flow from one branch; (c) T-junction with flow into the two branches and (d) T-junction with flow into one branch. It is found that the separation bubble formed when the flow goes around the T-junction corner provides a source of turbulence excitation. For cases (c) and (d) the dimensionless pressure amplitudes of the acoustic modes reach a maximum at a Strouhal number which is in agreement with the broadband peak measured in the separation bubble. Cases (a) and (b) exhibit a different type of flow-acoustic coupling. In both cases, the maximum acoustic pressure is stronger than in Cases (c) and (d) and occurs at a Strouhal number which is different from that observed in the separation bubble. The results are compared to experimental and numerical studies from the literature.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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