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Mechanism of the Interaction of a Ramped Bleed Slot With the Primary Flow

[+] Author Affiliations
B. A. Leishman

Rolls-Royce plc., Derby, England, UK

N. A. Cumpsty

Rolls-Royce plc, Derby, England, UK

Paper No. GT2005-68483, pp. 187-198; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2005-68483
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Turbo Expo 2005, Parts A and B
  • Reno, Nevada, USA, June 6–9, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4730-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3754-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

An experimental and computational study of the ramped bleed slot in a compressor cascade is presented. The geometry is a circumferential slot downstream of the stator blade trailing edge, with endwall ramps inside the blade passage, and the paper builds on work previously reported for different bleed off-take geometries [1, 2]. The strong interaction between any bleed slot and the primary flow through the cascade can be strong, thereby causing the levels of loss and blockage in the primary flow leaving the blade passage to be increased at some bleed flow rates. Radial flow into the bleed slot is highly non-uniform because the blade-to-blade pressure field causes flow to enter the bleed slot preferentially where the static pressure is high, and to spill out into the primary flow where the static pressure is low. The mechanism for the ramped bleed slot is different from that described in the earlier papers for other geometries. For the ramped bleed slot a static pressure field, with large variations of static pressure in the circumferential direction, is set up in the slot because the endwall flow entering the slot has higher stagnation pressure downstream of the pressure surface than downstream of the suction surface of the upstream blades. The flow entering the slot with high stagnation pressure is brought to rest in a stagnation point on the downstream surface of the slot, and the consequent variation in static pressure on the rear surface sets tangential and radial components of velocity which are a large fraction of the free-stream velocity. As well as demonstrating the mechanism for the flow behaviour, the paper presents results of experiments and calculations to demonstrate the behaviour and gives guidance for the design of bleed slots by stressing the fundamental features of the flow.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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