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Numerical Simulation of Vortex Shedding in Tube Arrays

[+] Author Affiliations
C. Sweeney, C. Meskell

Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Paper No. IMECE2002-32788, pp. 719-728; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2002-32788
From:
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • 5th International Symposium on Fluid Structure Interaction, Aeroelasticity, and Flow Induced Vibration and Noise
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3659-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

Vortex shedding may occur in tube arrays, resulting in strong excitation forces at discrete frequencies. In the past the Strouhal numbers governing vortex shedding in these systems were determined experimentally. This paper presents a method of numerical simulation for the unsteady flow through a rigid normal triangular tube array and hence provides a method of determining both the frequency of vortex shedding and the magnitude of the fluid forces acting on the tubes. The technique used is based on a discrete vortex method similar to the cloud-in-cell approach which has been applied to flow problems for small numbers of cylinders. However, in the current implementation the flow velocity calculation is carried out on an unstructured grid using a finite element discretization. Thus, the complex geometry associated with a tube array can be easily accomodated. The method, referred to as the “Cloud-in-element” method, is validated for the standard case of flow over a single cylinder and then applied to flow through a normal triangular array with a pitch diameter of 1.6. The Reynolds number is 2200. The Stouhal number obtained from the numerical simulation is 1.27, which is within 6% of the value available in the literature. Qualitatively, the vortex shedding pattern obtained is in agreement with published flow visualization.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

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