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Experimental Investigation of Acoustic Modes in Baffled Heat Exchangers

[+] Author Affiliations
H. G. D. Goyder, A. Hameed

Cranfield University, Oxfordshire, UK

Paper No. IMECE2002-32785, pp. 707-717; 11 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • 5th International Symposium on Fluid Structure Interaction, Aeroelasticity, and Flow Induced Vibration and Noise
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3659-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


The standard method for preventing a heat exchanger from generating a loud noise is to insert acoustic baffles which subdivide the vessel. It had previously been thought that such baffles would increase the acoustic natural frequency and thus prevent a resonance condition involving interactions between the sound field and wake oscillations behind tubes. Theoretical and experimental investigations, described in this paper, show that the effect of introducing an acoustic baffle into a shell is to decrease the acoustic natural frequency. This effect is not helpful and may result in resonant conditions being more common. However, an additional effect of an acoustic baffle is to change the direction of the acoustic waves and thus prevent good spatial correlation between wake oscillations and the sound field. It is this latter effect which makes acoustic baffles effective. Hence, spatial correlation should be made the basis of any design method.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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