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Active Control of the Profile Drag of Two-Dimensional Cylinders

[+] Author Affiliations
Hani H. Nigim

Birzeit University, West Bank, Palestine

Hide S. Koyama, Kohta Shiino

Tokyo Denki University, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. IMECE2002-33589, pp. 509-517; 9 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • 5th International Symposium on Fluid Structure Interaction, Aeroelasticity, and Flow Induced Vibration and Noise
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3659-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


The control of profile drag on a circular cylinder was studied experimentally at Reynolds numbers, ranging from 160 to 400, using an acoustic active control system. The investigation has been carried by, quantitatively, hot-wire to measure the mean and fluctuating velocities and, qualitatively, by using smoke-wire flow visualization technique to examine the formation of the flow field down-stream of the cylinder. The present active control method is able to influence the rate of entrainment from main flow into the wake flow. When the Reynolds number is relatively small, it is the size of the cylinder and the induced sound field velocity as well as Reynolds number which are the significant parameters in determining the controlling reverse and optimum phase lag angels. The reported control strategy is able to alter the profile drag of a two-dimensional circular cylinder. At optimum lag angle and low Reynolds number the profile drag was reduced by 9%.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Cylinders , Form drag



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