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Numerical Solutions of a Viscous Uniform Approach Flow Past Square and Diamond Cylinders

[+] Author Affiliations
Charles Dalton

University of Houston, Houston, TX

Wu Zheng

Dresser, Inc., Houston, TX

Paper No. IMECE2002-32287, pp. 411-419; 9 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • 5th International Symposium on Fluid Structure Interaction, Aeroelasticity, and Flow Induced Vibration and Noise
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3659-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


Numerical results are presented for a uniform approach flow past square and diamond cylinders, with and without rounded corners, at Reynolds numbers of 250 and 1000. This unsteady viscous flow problem is formulated by the 2-D Navier-Stokes equations in vorticity and stream-function form on body-fitted coordinates and solved by a finite-difference method. Second-order Adams-Bashforth and central-difference schemes are used to discretize the vorticity transport equation while a third-order upwinding scheme is incorporated to represent the nonlinear convective terms. A grid generation technique is applied to provide an efficient mesh system for the flow. The elliptic partial differential equation for stream-function and vorticity in the transformed plane is solved by the multigrid iteration method. The Strouhal number and the average in-line force coefficients agree very well with the experimental and previous numerical values. The vortex structures and the evolution of vortex shedding are illustrated by vorticity contours. Rounding the corners of the square and diamond cylinders produced a noticeable decrease on the calculated drag and lift coefficients.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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