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Cross-Flow Past a Pair of Staggered Cylinders With the Upstream Cylinder Subjected to a Transverse Harmonic Oscillation

[+] Author Affiliations
Stuart J. Price, Srikanth Krishnamoorthy, Michael P. Païdoussis

McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Paper No. IMECE2002-32181, pp. 371-380; 10 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • 5th International Symposium on Fluid Structure Interaction, Aeroelasticity, and Flow Induced Vibration and Noise
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3659-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


An experimental investigation of the cross-flow past a pair of staggered circular cylinders, with the downstream cylinder subject to forced harmonic oscillation transverse to the flow direction, is presented in this paper. In particular, flow-visualization of the wakeformation region and hot-film measurements of the wake spectra are reported. Experiments were conducted in a water tunnel for Reynolds numbers, based on upstream velocity, U, and cylinder diameter, D, in the range 1440 ≤ Re ≤ 1680. The longitudinal separation between cylinder centers is L/D = 2.0, with a transverse separation (for the mean position of the upstream cylinder) of T/D = 0.17. As shown in an earlier study, depending on the actual position of the upstream cylinder in its oscillation cycle, this configuration straddles the shear-layer reattachment and induced separation regimes. The results show that the oscillation of the upstream cylinder causes considerable modification of the flow patterns and regimes compared to what is obtained when the cylinder is fixed. In particular, depending on the frequency of oscillation of the upstream cylinder, sub- and superharmonic resonances are obtained between the vortex formation frequency and oscillation frequency, as well as the usual fundamental lock-in. These resonances and accompanying wake regimes are examined in detail in this paper.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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