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Rivulet Formation on an Inclined Cylinder and Its Effects on the Near-Wake

[+] Author Affiliations
Y. L. Xu, Y. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, L. Y. Wang

Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Paper No. IMECE2002-32173, pp. 311-316; 6 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • 5th International Symposium on Fluid Structure Interaction, Aeroelasticity, and Flow Induced Vibration and Noise
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3659-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


Wind rain tunnel experiments were performed in this paper to investigate the formation of water rivulet on the surface of an inclined stationary cylinder immerged in a uniform wind field and the effects of the rivulet on the near-wake of the cylinder. A digital video camera was used to record the formation of water rivulet for a series of cylinder inclination α, cylinder yaw angle β, incident free-stream wind velocity U∞ , and water flow rate m. The pictures were then analyzed to find the flow pattern and position of rivulet on the surface of the cylinder. A hot wire anemometer was used to measure wind speed near the cylinder, and a spectral analysis was then performed on the recorded data to investigate the effects of water rivulet on the near-wake of the cylinder. It was found that the formation of water rivulet depends on the parameters m, U∞ , α, and β significantly. Water rivulets can be formed on the cylinder surface only in the range of 0° ≤ β ≤ 90° for U∞ = 8 − 15 m/s. Water rivulets seem to locate near flow separation points and move circumferentially. It was also found that fluid dynamics associated with wind-water-structure interaction could be quite different from that without the involvement of water rivulet.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Wakes , Cylinders



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