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On a Circular Cylinder in a Uniform Planar Shear Flow at Subcritical Reynolds Number

[+] Author Affiliations
D. Sumner, O. O. Akosile

University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada

Paper No. IMECE2002-32170, pp. 283-290; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2002-32170
From:
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • 5th International Symposium on Fluid Structure Interaction, Aeroelasticity, and Flow Induced Vibration and Noise
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3659-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

An experimental investigation was conducted of a circular cylinder immersed in a uniform planar shear flow, where the approach velocity varies across the diameter of the cylinder. The study was motivated by some apparent discrepancies between numerical and experimental studies of the flow, and the general lack of experimental data, particularly in the subcritical Reynolds number regime. Of interest was the direction and origin of the steady mean lift force experienced by the cylinder, which has been the subject of contradictory results in the literature, and for which measurements have rarely been reported. The circular cylinder was tested at Reynolds numbers from Re = 4.0×104 − 9.0×104 , and the dimensionless shear parameter ranged from K = 0.02 − 0.07, which corresponded to a flow with low to moderate shear. The results showed that low to moderate shear has no appreciable influence on the Strouhal number, but has the effect of lowering the mean drag coefficient. The circular cylinder develops a small steady mean lift force directed towards the low-velocity side, which is attributed to an asymmetric mean static pressure distribution on its surface. The reduction in the mean drag force, however, cannot be attributed solely to this asymmetry.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

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