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A Contribution to the Abrasive Effect of Particles in a Gas Turbine Pre-Swirl Cooling Air System

[+] Author Affiliations
O. Schneider

Siemens AG, Power Generation, Mülheim, Germany

F.-K. Benra, H. J. Dohmen, K. Jarzombek

University Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

Paper No. GT2005-68188, pp. 1113-1120; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2005-68188
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Turbo Expo 2005, Parts A and B
  • Reno, Nevada, USA, June 6–9, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4726-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3754-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

With the increase of cooling air passing through the internal air system of modern gas turbines, a greater number of airborne particles is transported to the film cooling holes in the turbine blade surface. In spite of their small size, these holes are critical for airflow and must be free of blockage. A test rig has been designed to study the quantity of separated particles at various critical areas of the internal air system. Former publications for this conference gave detailed insight into the test rig, the flow structure and the particle motion during separation. The process of separation generates abrasion on the rotating and stationary parts of the system. When considering service and maintenance or even unexpected operation faults of the gas turbine, it is important to know the location and abrasion rate of these critical areas. The flow structure within the pre-swirl cooling air system results in locally focused abrasion regions, which are investigated in this paper. New simulations, taking additional physical effects into account, are discussed in the paper. The simulation results are compared to results obtained by measurements and observations within the test rig. Qualitative and quantitative results show the ability to predict the quantity of abrasion during operation on various critical areas of the system.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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