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Static and Dynamic Crush Behavior of Circular Aluminum Extrusions With Rigid PU Foam Filler

[+] Author Affiliations
Salamah Y. Maaita, Golam M. Newaz

Wayne State University, Detroit, MI

Paper No. IMECE2002-32925, pp. 51-58; 8 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Transportation: Making Tracks for Tomorrow’s Transportation
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Transportation
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3656-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


This paper introduces a new technique to increase the specific energy absorption (SEA) for foam-filled circular aluminum tube significantly. The idea is to first utilize initiators to deform the foam inside an aluminum tube under the effects of constraints of the tube wall. Then the aluminum tube and foam are crushed together. In this study, the foam with 190mm length has been filled inside a 200mm aluminum tube and attached to two 50 mm length initiators (one initiator in each side of the tube). Initially, the foam-filled tube has been compressed a total of 90mm by entering and sliding the two initiators inside the aluminum tube. Then the foam, two initiators and the aluminum tube have been compressed together for another 30 mm (The total crushing distance is 120mm). The technique was utilized under quasi-static and dynamic axial compression loading conditions and is found to increase the specific energy absorption (SEA) for the foam-filled circular aluminum tube up to 30% more compared to pure aluminum tubes for quasi-static and dynamic axial compression loading conditions. Both experimental and analytical/computational results are presented.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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