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Influence of Blade Leading Edge Geometry on Turbine Endwall Heat(Mass) Transfer

[+] Author Affiliations
S. Han, R. J. Goldstein

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN

Paper No. GT2005-68590, pp. 547-561; 15 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Turbo Expo 2005, Parts A and B
  • Reno, Nevada, USA, June 6–9, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4726-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3754-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


The secondary flows, including passage and other vortices in a turbine cascade cause significant aerodynamic losses and thermal gradients. Leading-edge modification of the blade has drawn considerable attention as it has been shown to reduce the secondary flows. However, the heat transfer performance of a leading-edge modified blade has not been investigated thoroughly. Since a fillet at the leading edge blade is reported to reduce the aerodynamic loss significantly, the naphthalene sublimation technique with a fillet geometry is used to study local heat (mass) transfer performance in a simulated turbine cascade. The present paper compares Sherwood number distributions on an endwall with a simple blade and a similar blade having modified leading-edge by adding a fillet. With the modified blades, a horseshoe vortex is not observed and the passage vortex is delayed or not observed for different turbulence intensities. However, near the blade trailing edge the passage vortex has gained as much strength as with the simple blade for low turbulence intensity. Near the leading edge on the pressure and the suction surface, higher mass transfer regions are observed with the fillets. Apparently the corner vortices are intensified with the leading-edge modified blade.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Topics: Heat , Turbines , Blades , Geometry



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