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Fan-Shaped Hole Effects on the Aero-Thermal Performance of a Film Cooled Endwall

[+] Author Affiliations
Giovanna Barigozzi, Giuseppe Benzoni, Giuseppe Franchini, Antonio Perdichizzi

Università degli Studi di Bergamo, Dalmine, BG, Italy

Paper No. GT2005-68544, pp. 507-518; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2005-68544
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Turbo Expo 2005, Parts A and B
  • Reno, Nevada, USA, June 6–9, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4726-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3754-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

The present paper investigates the effects of a fan-shaped hole endwall cooling geometry on the aero-thermal performance of a nozzle vane cascade. Two endwall cooling geometries with four rows of holes were tested, for different mass flow rate ratios: the first configuration is made of cylindrical holes, whereas the second one features conical expanded exits and a reduced number of holes. The experimental analysis is mainly focused on the variations of secondary flow phenomena related to different injection rates, as they have a strong relationship with the film cooling effectiveness. Secondary flow assessment was performed through downstream 3D aerodynamic measurements, by means of a miniaturized 5-hole probe. The results show that at high injection rates, the passage vortex and the 3D effects tend to become weaker, leading to a strong reduction of the endwall cross flow and to a more uniform flow in spanwise direction. This is of course obtained at the expense of a significant increase of losses. The thermal behavior was then investigated through the analysis of adiabatic effectiveness distributions on the two endwall configurations. The wide banded TLC’s technique was used to determine the adiabatic wall temperature. Using the measured distributions of film cooling adiabatic effectiveness, the interaction between the secondary flow vortices and the cooling jets can be followed in good detail all over the endwall surface. Fan-shaped holes have been shown to perform better than cylindrical ones: at low injection rates, the cooling performance is increased only in the front part of the vane passage. A larger improvement of cooling coverage all over the endwall is attained with a larger mass flow rate, about 1.5% of core flow, without a substantial increase of the aerodynamic losses.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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