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Large Eddy Simulation in a Duct With Rounded Skewed Ribs

[+] Author Affiliations
Aroon K. Viswanathan, Danesh K. Tafti

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA

Paper No. GT2005-68117, pp. 177-189; 13 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Turbo Expo 2005, Parts A and B
  • Reno, Nevada, USA, June 6–9, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4726-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3754-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Results from Large Eddy Simulation (LES) of fully developed flow in a ribbed duct are presented with rib pitch-to-height ratio (P/e) is 10 and a rib height to hydraulic diameter ratio (e/Dh ) is 0.1. Computations are carried out on a square duct with 45° ribs on the top and bottom walls arranged in a staggered fashion. The ribs have a rounded cross-section and are skewed at 45° to the main flow. The Reynolds number based on bulk velocity is 25,000. Mean flow and turbulent quantities, together with heat transfer and friction augmentation results are presented for a stationary case. The flow is characterized by a helical vortex behind each rib and a complementary cross-sectional secondary flow, both of which result from the angle of the rib with respect to the mean flow and result in a spanwise variation of the heat transfer. The mean flow, the turbulent quantities and the heat transfer in the duct show similar trends as in the duct with square cross-section ribs. However the results show that there is lesser friction in the ducts with rounded ribs. The overall heat transfer on the ribbed wall was augmented by 2.85 times that of a smooth duct, at the cost of friction which increases by a factor of 10. The computed values compare well with the experimental values.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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