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Analysis of Conjugate Heat Transfer of a Gas Turbine First Stage Nozzle

[+] Author Affiliations
Zdzislaw Mazur, Alejandro Hernández-Rosette, Rafael García-Illescas, Alberto Luna-Ramírez

Instituto de Investigaciones Eléctricas, Morelos, México

Paper No. GT2005-68004, pp. 1-8; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2005-68004
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Turbo Expo 2005, Parts A and B
  • Reno, Nevada, USA, June 6–9, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4726-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3754-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

Steady-state analysis of heat transfer in a base-load power generation gas turbine was conducted by thermal conjugation inside and outside of the first stage nozzle, which consists of thermal convection and conduction by coupling of fluid flow and solid body. A computer CFD code was used to solve the problem. The principal issues of the work were concerned with three-dimensional behaviors of the temperature distribution of the nozzle vane, which are influenced by inlet gas flow conditions, internal cooling conditions and film cooling conditions. The numerical results of the effects of cooling flow rate and temperature on heat transfer rates in the nozzle are also presented. The paper focuses on the estimation of the temperature distribution on the nozzle vane by prediction of the thermal environment around the nozzle vane and heat conduction in the nozzle which is necessary to carry out the nozzle thermal load analysis and finally life assessment. Also, the evaluation of service induced degradation of cobalt base alloy FSX-414 of the nozzle, after 24000 hours of operation at high temperature is presented. The assessment includes the nozzle carbides precipitation and grain type and size characterization.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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