0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Computation of Trunk Muscle Forces and Internal Spinal Loads in Standing Postures

[+] Author Affiliations
A. Shirazi-Adl, M. El-Rich, D. Pop

Ecole Polytechnique, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

M. Parnianpour

Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Paper No. IMECE2002-32624, pp. 379-380; 2 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2002-32624
From:
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Advances in Bioengineering
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3650-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

The kinetic redundancy in human musculoskeletal trunk system allows for the active control of posture during a specific task while satisfying equilibrium and stability requirements. Such control could aim, for example, to minimise forces in active musculature and stresses in passive tissues. It results in a superfluous system of equations the solution of which not yet satisfactorily achieved despite its importance in evaluation and treatment of spinal disorders. Due to shortcomings in existing reduction, optimisation and EMG-driven models, and combination thereof, a novel kinematics-based finite element approach [1,2] is employed that fully accounts for the synergy between passive and active trunk sub-systems. In this study, the kinematics-based model is applied to determine spinal muscle forces and internal ligamentous passive loads at different disc levels in standing postures under gravity loads with and without 200N weights carried in both hands (positioned symmetrically close to the body, either anteriorly or on sides).

Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Force , Stress , Computation , Muscle

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In