Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Determination of Poisson’s Ratios of Bovine Articular Cartilage in Tension and Compression Using Osmotic and Mechanical Loading

[+] Author Affiliations
Nadeen O. Chahine, Christopher C.-B. Wang, Clark T. Hung, Gerard A. Ateshian

Columbia University, New York, NY

Paper No. IMECE2002-32622, pp. 203-204; 2 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Advances in Bioengineering
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3650-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


The existence of osmotic pressure inside cartilage gives the tissue a propensity to swell. This swelling pressure is balanced by the tensile stresses generated within the solid matrix at free-swelling [1, 2]. Recent studies have shown that cartilage exhibits significant strain-softening when compressed relative to its free-swelling state [3–5]. Such strain-softening behavior has been physically interpreted within the context of osmotic swelling pressure and tension-compression nonlinearity [4, 9]. This has provided the rationale for extracting both the tensile and compressive Young’s moduli from uniaxial compression tests on the same specimen [4, 5]. The goal of the current study is to optically determine another important elastic property, i.e. the equilibrium Poisson’s ratio of young bovine articular cartilage when uniaxially compressed along its three characteristic directions: parallel and perpendicular to the split-line direction (1- and 2-direction, respectively), and in a direction normal to the articular surface (3-direction). Furthermore, the external bath concentration effects on the Poisson’s ratios will be explored at various strain levels.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In