Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

A Method for the Evaluation of the Direct Failure Causes and Lines of Defense of Installations With Dangerous Substances

[+] Author Affiliations
G. M. H. Laheij, P. A. M. Uijt de Haag, B. J. M. Ale, J. G. Post

National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands

Paper No. IMECE2002-32447, pp. 13-19; 7 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Safety Engineering and Risk Analysis
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Safety Engineering and Risk Analysis Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3647-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


According to the Hazards of Major Accidents Decree, the operator of an establishment should demonstrate in a safety report the risks of an operation and that these risks are adequately reduced. For each installation the most important failure causes should be described together with the effectiveness of the lines of defense installed. For this, a method is developed where in the first step a default is defined for each type of installation together with the default lines of defense related to this installation. A default system is defined as a system containing an inert substance and situated in surroundings not leading to any external causes of failure. The most important failure causes for a default installation are determined using historical data for the different parts of an installation, where also the stage of an installation (design, construction, operation and maintenance) is taken into account. Also a method is used that identifies failure causes based on the process phenomena. After this step it is investigated whether the substances used in the installation or the surroundings of an installation give rise to additional failure causes to be taken into account and subsequent the need for additional lines of defense. Guidelines are given to estimate the effectiveness of additional lines of defense.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In