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Behavior of Thin, Moderately Thick and Thick Woven Composites Subjected to Low Velocity Impact Loads

[+] Author Affiliations
Ajit D. Kelkar

North Carolina A. & T. University, Greensboro, NC

Paper No. IMECE2002-32306, pp. 151-156; 6 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Recent Advances in Solids and Structures
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3645-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


The effects of low velocity impact on woven composite panels are presented in this study. In the experimental program, 8 ply, 16 ply and 24 ply VARTM manufactured woven composite panels were subjected to low velocity impact loads. The laminates were held in a special fixture, which was designed to simulate simply supported boundaries. Impact experiments were conducted using a Dynatup low velocity impact testing machine where a drop-weight system was used to strike each panel at 90° incidence under controlled conditions of impact velocity. The impactor used was of a constant weight and tip diameter. The impact height and hence the velocity and energy were used as variables in the study. Preliminary impact tests were performed to establish the incipient damage (lower bound) and visible back face damage and spalling (upper bound) energy for each of the 8 ply (thin), 16 ply (moderately thick) and 24 ply (thick) woven graphite/epoxy laminates. Seven energy levels were selected to study the progressive deformation and damage mechanics. It is shown that threshold damage criteria can be established by using a simple FFT smoothening of impact load-time history data.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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