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Massive Parallel Laser Shock Peening: Simulation, Verification, and Analysis

[+] Author Affiliations
A. W. Warren, Y. B. Guo

University of Alabama

S. C. Chen

University of Texas at Austin

Paper No. IMECE2005-80097, pp. 287-295; 9 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Manufacturing Engineering and Materials Handling, Parts A and B
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Manufacturing Engineering Division and Materials Handling Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4223-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Laser shock peening (LSP) is a surface treatment process to improve the surface integrity of metallic components. The nearly pure mechanical process of LSP results in favorable surface integrity such as compressive residual stress and improved surface material properties. Since LSP is a transient process with laser pulse duration time on the order of 40 ns, real time in-situ measurement of laser/material interaction is very challenging, if not impossible. A fundamental understanding of laser/material interactions is essential for LSP planning. Previous finite element simulations of LSP have been limited to a single laser shock location for both two and three dimensional modeling. However, actual LSP are performed in a massively parallel mode which involves almost simultaneous multi-laser/material interactions in order to induce uniform compressive residual stress across the entire surface of the workpiece. The massively parallel laser/material interactions have a significant compound/interfering effect on the resulting surface integrity of the workpiece. The numerical simulation of shock pressure as a function of time and space during LSP is another critical problem. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of parallel multiple laser/material interactions on the stress/strain distributions in the workpiece during LSP of AISI 52100 steel. FEA simulations of LSP in single and multiple passes were performed with the developed spatial and temporal shock pressure model via a subroutine. The simulated residual stresses agree with the measured data in nature and trend, while magnitude can be influenced by the interactions between neighboring peening zones and the locations of residual stress measurement. Design-of-experiment (DOE) based simulations of massive parallel LSP were also performed to determine the effects of laser intensity, laser spot size, and peening spacing on stresses and strains. Increasing the laser intensity increases both the stress magnitude and affected depth. The use of smaller laser spot sizes decreases the largest magnitude of residual stress and also decreases the depth affected by LSP. Larger spot sizes have less energy attenuation and cause more plastic deformation. Spacing between peening zones is critical for the uniformity of mechanical properties across the surface. The greatest uniformity and largest stress magnitudes are achieved by overlapping of the laser spots.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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