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Piezoelectrically Actuated Microvalves for Micropropulsion Applications

[+] Author Affiliations
Eui-Hyeok Yang, Choonsup Lee

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA

Paper No. IMECE2002-33783, pp. 449-453; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2002-33783
From:
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Microelectromechanical Systems
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Microelectromechanical Systems
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3642-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents a piezoelectric microvalve technology with a high pressure handling capability for micropropulsion applications. The device is a normally closed valve fabricated mostly by the micromachining of silicon. The valve consists of a custom designed piezoelectric stack actuator bonded onto silicon valve components in a stainless steel housing. Major elements of the silicon valve design include narrow edge seating rings and tensile-stressed silicon tethers that contribute to the desired normally closed leak-tight operation. No leak has been detected from a soap solution test at differential pressures of 0∼500 psi for a normally closed valve structure, indicating a leak rate of 0.001sccm or lower has been achieved. Piezoelectric operation has been successfully demonstrated at a differential pressure of 500 psi. A flow rate of 20 sccm at 100 psi has been obtained at 50 V.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

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