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Study of the Effective Thermal Conductivity of Nanofluids

[+] Author Affiliations
Ratnesh K. Shukla, Vijay K. Dhir

University of California at Los Angeles

Paper No. IMECE2005-80281, pp. 537-541; 5 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Part B
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4222-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Nanofluids, that is liquids containing nanometer sized metallic or non-metallic solid nanoparticles, show an increase in thermal conductivity compared to that of the base liquid. In this paper a model for thermal conductivity of nanofluids based on the theory of Brownian motion of particles in a homogeneous liquid combined with the macroscopic Hamilton-Crosser model is presented. The model is shown to predict a temperature and particle size dependent thermal conductivity. Comparison between the predicted and experimental results show that the model is able to accurately predict the temperature and volume fraction dependence of the thermal conductivity of water based alumina and gold nanofluids.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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