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Channel Size Based Measurement Techniques for Condensation Heat Transfer Coefficients in Mini- and Micro-Channels

[+] Author Affiliations
Srinivas Garimella, Akhil Agarwal

Georgia Institute of Technology

Todd M. Bandhauer

Modine Manufacturing Company

Paper No. IMECE2005-80242, pp. 521-528; 8 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Part B
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4222-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


A set of techniques for the measurement of condensation heat transfer coefficients for circular and noncircular channels with 5 mm > Dh > 100 μm is presented. For the larger range of Dh (5 > Dh > 0.4 mm), single tubes or multiple parallel extruded channels are used as test sections. The test section is cooled using water at a high flow rate to ensure that the condensation side presents the governing thermal resistance. Heat exchange with a secondary cooling water stream at a much lower flow rate is used to obtain a large temperature difference, which is used to measure the condensation duty. Condensation heat transfer coefficients are measured in small quality increments for 0 < x < 1 over the mass flux range 150 < G < 750 kg/m2 -s with uncertainties typically less than 20%. For 200 > Dh > 100 μm, channels are fabricated on a copper substrate by electroforming copper onto a mask patterned by X-ray lithography, and sealed by diffusion bonding. Subcooled liquid is electrically heated to the desired quality, followed by condensation in the test section. Downstream of the test section, another electric heater is used to heat the refrigerant to a superheated state. Energy balances on the pre-and post-heaters establish the refrigerant inlet and outlet states at the test section. Water at a high flow rate serves as the test section coolant to ensure that the condensation side presents the governing thermal resistance. Heat transfer coefficients are measured for 200 < G < 800 kg/m2 -s for 0 < x < 1. It is demonstrated that uncertainties as low as 6% can be achieved in the measurement of condensation heat transfer coefficients.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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