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Thermal Assessment of Cooling System Incorporating Heat Sink and Embedded Heat Pipes for Testing High Power Microelectronics

[+] Author Affiliations
Victor Adrian Chiriac, Tien-Yu Tom Lee

Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.

Paper No. IMECE2005-81794, pp. 767-774; 8 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Part A
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4221-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


A numerical study was conducted to model the transient thermal behavior of a complex testing system including multiple fans, a mixing enclosure, copper inserts and a leaded package dissipating large amounts of power over short time durations. The system is optimized by choosing appropriate heat sink/fan structure for the efficient operation of the device under constant powering. The intent of the study is to provide a better understanding and prediction of a transient powering scenario at high powering levels, while evaluating the impact of alternative cooling fan/heat pipe designs on the thermal performance of the testing system. One design is chosen due to its effective thermal performance and assembly simplicity, with the package embedded in heat sink base with multiple (5) heat pipes. The peak temperature reached by the modified design with 4 cooling fans is ~95°C, with the corresponding Rja thermal resistance ~0.58°C/W. For the transient study (with embedded heat pipes and 4 fans), after one cycle, both peak temperature (at 45 s) and the end temperature (at 49 s) decrease as compared to the previous no heat pipe/single fan case (the end temperature reduces by ~16%). The temperature drop between peak and end for each cycle is ~80.2°C, while the average power per transient cycle is ~31.27W. With this power, the design with 5 perpendicular heat pipes, 4 fans and insert reaches a steady state peak temperature of ~98°C. Applying the superposition principle to the steady state value and 40.1°C fluctuation, the maximum transient temperature after a large number of cycles will not exceed ~138.1°C, satisfying the thermal budget under the current operating conditions. The benefit of the study is related to the possibility to extract the maximum and minimum temperatures for a real test involving a large number of heating-cooling cycles, yet maintaining the initial and peak temperatures within a certain range for the optimal operation of the device. The flow and heat transfer fields are investigated; using a combination of numerical and analytical methods, the thermal performance of the device undergoing large number of periodic thermal cycles is predicted. The comparison between measurement and simulation shows good agreement.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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