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Fluid-Structure Simulations for a 2D Fire Applications

[+] Author Affiliations
Wei Xie, Changsong Luo, Paul E. DesJardin

State University of New York at Buffalo

Paper No. IMECE2005-82919, pp. 421-428; 8 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Part A
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4221-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


This study is on the development of numerical algorithms and models for simulation of a structure response in a fire. The flow field from the fire plume is modeled using the 2D Navier-Stokes equations supplemented with a transport equation for thermal energy and solved using a vorticity-streamfunction approach. Coupling of the fluid to the FEM based structure model is based on the use of a level set method describing the structure geometry in the fluid domain. The level set function allows for computation of normal gradients at the fluid-solid interface to enforce local boundary conditions of heat and mass transfer at prescribed fluid-structure coupling time increments. Numerical simulations of a two-dimensional composite cantilever beam subject to convection heat loading from a fire plume are presented requiring coupling of both the thermal and mass transfer processes at the fluid-structure interface. Results are presented showing the thermal response of a composite beam to a fire plume and the sensitivity of the heating to fire location.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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