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Enhancing Combustion in a Dump Combustor Using Countercurrent Shear: Part 2 — Heat Release Rate Measurements and Geometry Effects

[+] Author Affiliations
Alison A. Behrens, Matthew J. Anderson, Paul J. Strykowski

University of Minnesota

David J. Forliti

State University of New York at Buffalo

Paper No. IMECE2005-81274, pp. 347-354; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2005-81274
From:
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Part A
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4221-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

Research to advance our understanding of the countercurrent shear flow has been conducted, with particular emphasis on those characteristics of countercurrent shear that are beneficial for combustion applications. Studies carried out in a backward-facing step combustor burning prevaporized JP10-air mixtures, have examined the implementation of counterflow as a means to enhance turbulent burning velocities, with the overall objective of increasing volumetric heat release rates and thereby create a more compact combustion zone. The dump combustor is characterized by a nominally two-dimensional primary flow mixture of prevaporized fuel and air, entering a rectangular channel before encountering a 2:1 single-sided step expansion. Flow separation over the sudden expansion and the resulting recirculation set up a countercurrent shear layer downstream of the dump plane and a low velocity zone conducive to flame anchoring. Combustion control strategies aim to increase turbulent kinetic energy and flame three-dimensionality in an effort to increase flame surface area and thus burning rates. A secondary flow is created via suction at the dump plane as a fluidic control mechanism to enhance the naturally occurring countercurrent shear layer. Counterflow is shown to elevate turbulence levels and volumetric heat release rates downstream of the step in the base geometry while concomitantly reducing the scale of the recirculation zone[1]. Modifications to the rearward-facing step geometry are investigated using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) under isothermal flow conditions in an effort to extend the near field interaction between the recirculation zone and the incoming primary flow, thus exploiting the benefits of counterflow as seen in the base geometry. Using chemiluminescence, relative heat release rates are shown to increase by 90% with a counterflow level of 6% of the primary flow by mass in the base geometry, and a 150% increase with a counterflow level of 2.4% in the modified step geometry.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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