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The Effect of Fin Geometry on Design of Compact Off-Set Strip Fin High Temperature Heat Exchanger

[+] Author Affiliations
Sundaresan Subramanian, Valery Ponyavin, Clayton Ray De Losier, Yitung Chen, E. Hechanova

University of Nevada at Las Vegas

Per F. Peterson

University of California at Berkeley

Paper No. IMECE2005-81894, pp. 191-199; 9 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Part A
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4221-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


This paper deals with the development of a three-dimensional numerical model to predict the overall performance of an advanced high temperature heat exchanger design, up to 1000°C, for the production of hydrogen by the sulfur iodine thermo-chemical cycle used in advanced nuclear reactor concepts. The design is an offset strip-fin, hybrid plate compact heat exchanger made from a liquid silicon impregnated carbon composite material. The two working fluids are helium gas and molten salt (Flinak). The offset strip-fin is chosen as a method of heat transfer enhancement due to the boundary layer restart mechanism between the fins that has a direct effect on heat transfer enhancement. The effects of the fin geometry on the flow field and heat transfer are studied in three-dimensions using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) techniques. The pre-processor GAMBIT is used to create a computational mesh, and the CFD software package FLUENT that is based on the finite volume method is used to produce the numerical results. Fin dimensions need to be chosen that optimize heat transfer and minimize pressure drop. Comparison of the overall performance between two fin shapes (rectangular versus curved edges) is performed using computational fluid dynamics techniques. Fin and channel dimensions need to be chosen such as to optimize heat transfer performance and minimize pressure drop. The study is conducted with helium gas and liquid salt as the working fluids with a variety of Reynolds number values and fin dimensions. Both laminar and turbulent modeling is performed for the helium side fluid flow. The effect of the fin geometry is performed computational fluid dynamics techniques and optimization studies are performed. The model developed in this paper is used to investigate the heat exchanger design parameters in order to find an optimal design.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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