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Kinetic Theory Treatment for Heat Transfer in Plasma Spraying

[+] Author Affiliations
Q. Zhang, M. A. Jog

University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH

Paper No. IMECE2002-33079, pp. 21-24; 4 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Volume 5
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3636-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


In plasma spraying process thermal plasma is used as a heat source to heat and melt metallic or ceramic particles. In this paper, heat transfer from a thermal plasma to a solid spherical particle has been analyzed using a kinetic theory approach. We have considered a solid particle introduced in an ionized gas made up of electrons, ions, and neutrals. Two-sided electron velocity and temperature distributions and two-sided ion velocity distributions are used. Maxwell’s transport equations are obtained by taking moments of the Boltzmann equation. The transport equations are solved with the Poisson’s equation for the self-consistent electric field. The ion and the electron number density distributions, temperature distribution, and the electric potential variation are obtained. The charged species flux to the particle surface is evaluated. Heat transport to the surface is calculated by accounting for all the modes of energy transfer including the energy deposited during electron and ion recombination at the surface. Results indicate that contribution to heat transfer from charged species recombination is substantial at high plasma temperatures.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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