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Mathematical Modelling of Magneto-Hydrodynamic Dampers With Time-Varying Fluid Properties

[+] Author Affiliations
Mario F. Letelier

University of Santiago of Chile

Dennis A. Siginer

Wichita State University

Jean-Paul Rouliez, Omar F. Corral

Air Force of Chile

Paper No. IMECE2005-81172, pp. 913-918; 6 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Fluids Engineering
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4219-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


The fluid dynamics of dampers is investigated for the case where the damping fluid flows through passages in which a magnetic field is applied. This is a specific case of a new and promising field of applications that has emerged through the design of devices that take advantage of some properties of the so-called electrorheological fluids and magnetorheological fluids (ERF and MRF). These fluids are created when a base fluid is seed with very small dielectric or iron particles, so that it reacts to electric or magnetic fields by developing some non-Newtonian characteristics, most prominently a yield stress, viscosity change, and also viscoelasticity. These fluid properties can be controlled through control of the electric or magnetic fields’ strength. In this paper, a typical damping load is modeled and related to the required flow of a MRF inside the damper. To this end the fluid is modeled as a Bingham fluid with time-varying yield-stress. The analysis here developed makes it possible to determine the magnetic field variation necessary in order to achieve a specific displacement of the damper’s piston. The flow equations are analytically solved for any time-history of the dimensionless fluid’s yield-stress. Main results are some simplified relationships that correlate damping load and magnetic field time-variations. These results aim at providing analytical tools that may facilitate dampers’ design.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Topics: Fluids , Dampers , Modeling



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