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Effect of Surfactant Additives on a Boundary Layer on a Flat Plate

[+] Author Affiliations
Satoshi Ogata, Takeshi Fujita

Tokyo Metropolitan University

Paper No. IMECE2005-80848, pp. 907-912; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2005-80848
From:
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Fluids Engineering
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4219-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

The effect of surfactant solutions on the boundary layer over a flat plate has been investigated in the Reynolds number range of approximately Re < 153,000. Experiments were carried out by measuring the velocity profile using a PIV system. Surfactant solutions tested were aqueous solutions of oleyl-bihydroxyethyl methyl ammonium chloride (Ethoquad O/12) in the concentration range of 50 to 500 ppm, to which sodium salicylate was added as a counterion. It was clarified that the boundary layer thickness of surfactant solutions increases significantly near the leading edge comparing with that of tap water, and parallelly develops in that obtained by the Blasius equation. For lower surfactant concentration (50 and 200 ppm) the velocity profile near the wall is distributed between that of laminar flow and turbulent flow for Newtonian fluid. When the Reynolds number increases, the velocity profile gradually increases from the outer edge of the boundary, and approaches the turbulent velocity profile of Newtonian fluid. For higher surfactant concentration (500 ppm), the velocity profile shows large S-shape. The velocity profile does not change very much, even if the Reynolds increases. The shape parameter with surfactant solutions decreases slightly comparing that of tap water at Re < 92,000, The value of shape parameter H with surfactant solution shows 1.66 < H < 2.32.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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