0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Simulation of Anthrax Spore Transport and Inactivation in a Room: Scaling Analysis

[+] Author Affiliations
Sankalp Soni, Bakhtier Farouk, Charles N. Haas

Drexel University

Paper No. IMECE2005-83008, pp. 477-483; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2005-83008
From:
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Fluids Engineering
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4219-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

Decontamination of large indoor spaces and buildings following release of biological agents is challenging, as the response to the fall 2001 anthrax-release events indicate. The ability to efficiently and rapidly decontaminate rooms/buildings is limited by the lack of quantitative understanding of the behavior of agent transport, and decontaminants. In response to any new releases it would be necessary to rapidly determine the optimal way to decontaminate the enclosed spaces. In the present study, we numerically simulate a biological agent (anthrax spores) transport and its inactivation by a decontaminant (chlorine dioxide). Such simulations can help us in deciding on decontamination strategies and also in better designs of the buildings and the associated air circulation system to minimize the risks in case of potential agent release. Furthermore, the study also determines the impact of scaling on predicted behavior of the agent distribution and disinfection process. From numerical simulations, a relationship for the inactivation time is obtained as a function of room geometry, ventilation rate, initial number of anthrax spore release, disinfectant injection rate and reaction kinetics. Such a relationship would help in determining decontamination strategies and in optimization of the decontamination processes.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In