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Rupture Process During Drop Coalescence

[+] Author Affiliations
H. Aryafar, H. P. Kavehpour

University of California at Los Angeles

Paper No. IMECE2005-81841, pp. 445-449; 5 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Fluids Engineering
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4219-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


During the coalescence of a drop with a planar interface, a hole is generated in a microscopic film that separates the drop from the interface. An experimental study has been performed to investigate the time dependent behavior of the radius of the hole generated during coalescence. The study consisted of placing drops of various sizes and physical properties on a planar interface. The coalescence process was recorded from underneath the interface with the aid of a high speed digital camera and a prism. The experiment captured two separate processes, film rupture and the closing of the hole. During the film rupture, the hole radius demonstrated a power law time dependence. Dimensional analysis showed the percentage of time the hole used to reach its maximum radius was approximately constant for all drops. Moreover, all dimensionless drop rupture radii and times fit onto a single master curve and were independent of their physical properties during the opening. However during the closing of the hole, the dimensionless time and radii did not fit a master curve analogous to the hole rupture. The closing of the hole is an entirely different event from the opening and is governed by different parameters.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Topics: Drops , Rupture



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