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Integration of Sub-Wavelength Nanofluidics With Photonic Crystals

[+] Author Affiliations
David Erickson

Cornell University

Teresa Emery, Troy Rockwood, Axel Scherer, Demetri Psaltis

California Institute of Technology

Paper No. IMECE2005-81715, pp. 315-322; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2005-81715
From:
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Fluids Engineering
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4219-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

“Optofluidics” represents the marriage of optics, optoelectronics and nanophotonics with fluidics. Such integration represents a new approach for dynamic manipulation of optical properties at length scales both greater than and smaller than the wavelength of light with applications ranging from reconfigurable photonic circuits to fluidically adaptable optics to high sensitivity bio-detection currently under development. The capabilities in terms of fluidic control, mixing, miniaturization and optical property tuning afforded by micro-, nano-fluidics combined with soft lithography based fabrication provides an ideal platform upon which to build such devices. Here we present our technique for integrating soft lithography based nanofluidics with e-beam lithography defined silicon-on-insulator photonic crystals. We demonstrate nanofluidic addressability of single, sub-wavelength, defects within the planar photonic crystal and the dynamic tuning of the guided mode. In this paper we focus on the fabrication, integration and experimental details of this work.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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