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Stability and Bifurcation Analysis of a Forced Cylinder Wake

[+] Author Affiliations
N. W. Mureithi, M. Rodriguez

École Polytechnique de Montréal

Paper No. IMECE2005-79778, pp. 59-66; 8 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Fluids Engineering
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4219-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


We present a study on the dynamics of a cylinder wake subjected to forced excitation. Williams et al. (1992) discovered that the spatial symmetry of the excitation plays a crucial role in determining the resulting wake dynamics. Reflection-symmetric forcing was found to affect the Karman wake much more strongly compared to Z2 (κ, π) asymmetric forcing. For low forcing amplitudes, the existence of a nonlinear mode interaction mechanism was postulated to explain the observed “beating” phenomenon observed in the wake. Previous work by the authors (Mureithi et al. 2002, 2003) presented general forms of the modal interaction amplitude equations governing the dynamics of the periodically forced wake. In the present work, numerical CFD computations of the forced cylinder wake are presented. It is shown that the experimentally observed wake bifurcations can be reproduced by numerical simulations with reasonable accuracy. The CFD computations show that the forced wake first looses reflection symmetry followed by a bifurcation associated with vortex merging as the forcing amplitude is increased. A bifurcation analysis of a simplified amplitude equation shows that these two transitions are due to a pitchfork bifurcation and a period-doubling bifurcation of mixed mode solutions.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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