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A Novel Anisotropic Conductive Adhesive for Lead-Free Surface Mount Electronics Packaging

[+] Author Affiliations
S. Manian Ramkumar

Rochester Institute of Technology

Krishnaswami Srihari

State University of New York at Binghamton

Paper No. IMECE2005-83021, pp. 381-390; 10 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Electronic and Photonic Packaging, Electrical Systems Design and Photonics, and Nanotechnology
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4217-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


The electronics industry, in recent years, has been focusing primarily on product miniaturization and lead-free assembly. The need for product miniaturization is due to the continuous demand for portable electronic products that are multifunctional, yet smaller, faster, cheaper, and lighter. This is forcing the industry to design and assemble products with miniature passive and active devices. These devices typically have fine pitch footprints that provide a very small surface area for attachment. The solder attach technique relies primarily on the formation of intermetallics between the mating metallic surfaces. With a reduction in the surface area of the pads, the ratio of intermetallic to solder is very high once the solder joint is formed. This could result in unreliable solder joints, due to the brittle nature of intermetallics. In addition, the need to eliminate lead-based materials as a means of interconnection has renewed the industry’s interest in exploring other means of assembling surface mount devices reliably. This paper discusses the performance characteristics and preliminary research findings pertaining to a novel Anisotropic Conductive Adhesive (ACA) for electronics packaging applications, utilizing the Z Bond™ technology from Nexaura Systems, LLC. Typically, ACAs require the application of pressure during the curing process, to establish the electrical connection. The novel ACA uses a magnetic field to align the particles in the Z-axis direction and eliminates the need for pressure during curing. The formation of conductive columns within the polymer matrix provides a very high insulation resistance between adjacent conductors. The novel ACA also enables mass curing of the adhesive, eliminating the need for sequential assembly. The novel ACA’s I-V characteristics and performance under thermal and temperature-humidity aging are discussed in detail.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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