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Decentralized Kinematic Control of a Cooperating System of Mobile Manipulators

[+] Author Affiliations
Michel Abou-Samah

McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Venkat Krovi

State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY

Paper No. IMECE2002-32691, pp. 949-956; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2002-32691
From:
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Dynamic Systems and Control
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3629-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

In this paper, we examine the development of a decentralized control framework for a modular system of wheeled mobile manipulators that can team up to cooperatively transport a large common object. Each individually autonomous mobile manipulator consists of a differentially-driven wheeled mobile robot (WMR) with a passive, two-degree-of-freedom, planar, revolute-jointed arm mounted in the plane parallel to the base of the WMR. The composite multi-degree-of-freedom vehicle, formed by placing a common object on the end-effector of two (or more) such mobile manipulator systems, possesses the ability to accommodate relative positioning errors of the mobile bases as well as change its relative configuration. Particular attention is paid for the development of kinematic control schemes for mobile manipulators, which take into account the non-holonomic constraints of the base and the presence of passive joints in the manipulator system. The control scheme developed for the individual mobile manipulators is then adapted for the decentralized kinematic control of two mobile manipulators carrying a common object along a desired trajectory. Experimental evaluation of the performance of the resulting approach and the ability of the overall collaborating system to accommodate, detect and correct for relative positioning errors between the mobile platforms is also presented.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Manipulators

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