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Dynamical Modeling and Analysis of the Human Jumping Process

[+] Author Affiliations
A. Meghdari, M. Aryanpour

Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Paper No. IMECE2002-39358, pp. 453-461; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2002-39358
From:
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Dynamic Systems and Control
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3629-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

A dynamical model was developed in order to study the jumping process in human, and the effect of factors like joint speeds and hand motion. An experiment was designed and setup to compare the theoretical model with the experimental observations. Time histories of vertical force, mass center velocity and driving torques were obtained too. Using dynamical equations, the effect of joint speeds on the maximum values of these quantities is discussed. It is shown that reducing the joint speeds of a body can lead to an unsuccessful jump in which the body does not enter the flight phase. An increase in speed reduces the take-off time (the time necessary for the body to leave the ground) and increases the body’s linear velocity at take-off, as well as, the maximum value of driving torques. Effect of hand motion is also investigated through suppressing motion of the Shoulder and Elbow. It is observed that hand motion has an improving effect on the body’s linear velocity. Although speed of joints did not show to have a great influence on most torques, those at the Shoulder and Elbow were observed to be more sensitive to it.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

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