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Leveraging the Open-Loop Stiffness of Pneumatic Actuators to Enable High-Stiffness Surface Simulation in Impedance-Type Haptic Interfaces

[+] Author Affiliations
Xiangrong Shen, Michael Goldfarb

Vanderbilt University

Paper No. IMECE2005-80052, pp. 1421-1428; 8 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Dynamic Systems and Control, Parts A and B
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4216-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


The stable simulation of high-stiffness surfaces remains a challenge in impedance-type haptic simulation of mechanical environments. In this paper, the authors propose an approach to achieving a stable, high-stiffness surface in a haptic interface by leveraging the open-loop properties of pneumatic actuators. By utilizing the open-loop component of actuator stiffness as the primary component of stiffness simulation in a haptic interface, the system requires a comparatively small component of simulated stiffness from closed-loop control of the actuator. A stability analysis is presented indicating that this approach enhances significantly the range of passivity of haptically simulated high-stiffness surfaces. Experimental results both with and without a human operator are presented that demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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