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Application of the Empirical Mode Decomposition Method to the Identification of Disc Brake Squeal

[+] Author Affiliations
Fulun Yang, Chin An Tan

Wayne State University, Detroit, MI

Frank Chen

Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI

Paper No. IMECE2002-39224, pp. 777-783; 7 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Design Engineering
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3628-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


This paper investigates the identification of mechanisms of disc brake squeal by the application of a recently developed Empirical Mode Decomposition method (EMD). A known strength of the EMD is its adaptive nature in analyzing nonstationary data, with success in its original application to ocean mechanics. The EMD decomposes an original signal into a number of intrinsic mode functions (IMFs), with each IMF often containing distinct physical significance. Several sets of disc brake squeal data were obtained and processed by EMD. A typical set data is presented in this paper for discussion. Employing a sifting process in the EMD, four prominent squeal-related IMFs are identified in this set of data. The Hilbert transform is then used to analyze the frequency and amplitude contents of the four IMFs, and it is shown that the first IMF is dominant. The spectrogram method is applied to analyze the time-evolution of the frequency components of the IMFs in the squeal process. This analysis procedure confirms an important squeal mechanism, i.e., the squeal condition is governed by the coupling of in-plane and out-of-plane vibration modes of the rotor and the coalescence of their natural frequencies. The inverse approach outlined in this paper is shown to be useful for providing new insights and confirming established hypotheses of disc brake squeal.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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