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Improved Accuracy of an Ultrasonic Based Neuro-Navigation System Using Neural Networks

[+] Author Affiliations
Jennifer Akers, Sanjeevi Chitikeshi, Ajay Mahajan

Southern Illinois University at Carbondale

Sumeer Lal

Southern Illinois Center for Neurological and Spinal Surgery, Ltd.

Paper No. IMECE2005-79775, pp. 921-925; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2005-79775
From:
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Dynamic Systems and Control, Parts A and B
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4216-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents the design and development of an ultrasonic based neuronavigation system to be used for real time surgery. The system formulation, hardware and a neural network model is presented that improves the accuracy of the system considerably. 1D, 2D and 3D results from the neural network model are presented along with designs for the physical and electronic hardware. The 3D system presented in this paper eliminates the space intensive camera, has an accuracy better than 1.0 mm in the operating range of about 20–40 cm, makes the system independent of line-of-sight occlusion problems, and is expected to pave the way for accurate fusion models of the future that may account for brain shifts during surgery. The results show that the performance of the proposed system provides many advantages over existing neuro-navigation systems without compromising on the accuracy.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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